Marc Richard Diglio Xyz Homework

 January 1944

Letter written while in Italian POW Hospital [Udine, Italy, north of Venice]
1 January 1944: Dearest Family, Many happy returns of the Day! All my love goes out to you at this starting of another year. Remember where I was three hundred and sixty-five days ago? Knowing that I was in St. Louis such a short time ago, I can make myself believe it and yet if I was to feel as my sense do that day would be three hundred sixty five months in the past. So much has come and passed in this brief time my proportions are altered. If only next New Years day finds us united again. Nothing would fill my cup of happiness so full to overflowing. For us to be together, that's all I'd ask. Our reunion day, how I look forward to its arrival. Lets hope its not too far off.

Don't get the idea that things are too unpleasant. To my surprise I have been treated better than I expected. Last night an orderly came by and gave me a small bottle of Cognac and this morning we had some cakes, tasted like the Animal Crackers we used to have as children, in addition to our usual breakfast.

Best of all the library here has some English volumes, so I've bee doing some reading. I don't wonder that the average European thinks our literature meager compared to his own, if he goes by the English selections in his native libraries. All the novels I've yet seen are of the lending library quality. When you package arrives containing the German-English dictionary I can have something worthwhile to occupy my hours.

In case my other letters are delayed, I will repeat a list of things I could use. Soap, razor, shaving brush, tooth brush & powder, mirror, comb, sewing kit, Luminous wrist watch, pencil and fountain pen, writing paper & small note book, candles, wash rag, towel, 1 pr. Each undershirt, shorts (size 34) and dark wool socks (size 12). A wallet with an inside fold for private papers and larger bills. And several packages of Heat Tabs. You will see them advertised in Life Magazine and some of the outdoor publications. Then too if its possible a cigarette rolling machine, paper & tobacco. Most important vitamin and calcium tablets. The diet doesn't have enough vegetables in it to suit me. I could use a pair of khaki trousers and shirt (size 15-31) and a complete set of insignia. If you have difficulty in getting anything I request, the Houston Red Cross should be able to get you ration tickets, or some of the officials, the intelligent looking ones, at Ellington Red Cross may help you. Write to me in care of DEUTCHES ROTE CREUTZ, BERLIN.

All my love,

Sat 1 Jan [1944] shirt wash. Bombers over Chuckle
Sun 2 Jan [1944] Italian Shirt, ambulance – converted goods wagon. Change to standard gauge.
(January 1944) Sat., up during night, Para-troops Jennings, Pogue, Jack Hardin
Mon 3 Jan [1944] walking around, Bajooka
Tue 4 Jan [1944] Brenner OK, ee down tonight

Jan 5 Kriegies received mail. Coast Artillery firing thru day & night. Bombers over, but too high or hazy to see. Huns under barracks, hot water on 'em. Carroll looks out window and gets face full of sand. Pat's friend signed his name when asked by autograph collector.
Trailways limited 5 ½ hrs Jackson to New Orleans tie in with Greyhound to Chicago to beat railroads. Average six days work per week. Once had to stop man & wife from becoming too intimate in last seats of coach. Ran thru hogs, had to run taxi into ditch. Made 225 month. Shift by feel and not sound. Careful Willmark checkers. Some are women who proffer advances. To get pretty girls in front seat he'd take tickets standing in way of those "uglies" until a real beauty came along.
Wed 5 Jan [1944]Nurnberg. Meet truck. Harry
5 (January 1944)Patterson out for transit to permanent camp, 3 coaches. 1 Red Cross package
Thu 6 Jan [1944] Red x packages Haircut. Servs & French
Fri 7 Jan [1944]  Major Bates, Tobacco, coffee, soup, coffee
Sat 8 Jan [1944] Gillespie in wheelbarrow, 3rd class change, stand wait in soldiers aid hut. Soup, green pea & beer. Caught train at 3:45. Saving food for camp. Walk thru Frankfurt citizens glare & push. Wrong camp. Air raid. Stalag. interrogation camp [Dulag Luft]solitary. Refuse capture date, civilian interrogator. [Going through Frankfurt to Dulag Luft which was the interrogation centre was an experience. We bombed the city five days before and I circled it to describe the fire progress. The people seemed to be in a daze and the damage was beyond our imagination. Bricks were thrown at us and the guards had to threaten the people. The officer interrogating me said he had been a professor at UCLA. I was in solitary there for some 10 days and at the end the officer told me more about my squadron than I ever knew when there. Jim McIntosh]

Sun 9 Jan [1944]  Others tell all. Scratch on toilet board out. Get back some of articles., Razor blade gone, wallet, Transit camp., Red Cross food. Happy tag

9 Jan 1944: Dearest Family, Am hoping my previous letters have arrived to tell you I am safe and quite well. My Christmas and New Year’s was pleasant. At present am in a transit camp so write me just in care of the Red Cross. A.S.N. O-680289. Soon as possible I will get a letter off to you our quota is limited so don’t become to anxious. All my love. Rob

[During my time at the Dulag Luft during January 1944 I was questioned each time by the same German officer; gave name, rank, service number and was sent back to solitary confinement. Each succeeding day I was called again for questioning. Finally after six days of this I was told that they would not waste any more time on me. My immediate thought was “This is the end of me”. After letting me stew for about ten minutes the officer laid my “dossier” on his desk and proceeded to tell me the dates & places where I had gone for flight training, when I arrived at the 96th Bomb Group in England, the names of my commanders, etc. Then he slyly asked “Did you see any submarines when you came across on the Queen Mary?” I could not even tell my parents about my planned routing to Europe! Ed Davidson]

Mon 10 Jan [1944]  Stuff, chess, books, simple life
Tue 11 Jan [1944]  Back to Stalag. 10 days complete solitary, punish
Wed 12 Jan [1944]  One blanket, no hay [hay used as mattress stuffing], no coffee, skip meals.
Tue 13 Jan [1944]  Good soup, 2 sips, and out it goes. Huns!
Fri 14 Jan [1944]  Geneva walk, No overcoat in room
Sat 15 Jan [1944]  Sometimes heat, Never light, much think

15 Jan 1944: Dearest Family, Am still feeling fit and will even enjoy myself better when I get to my permanent camp. Contact Red Cross for details as to what you can send me, as soon As I learn my final address it will be on the way to you. Tonight for dinner we have cream and prunes, potatoes, Spam, Chocolate, not bad, eh? All my love, Rob.

Sun 16 Jan [1944]  out early. Trolley again. Patterson
Mon 17 Jan [1944]  2 men. Pat, Smith, follow me. Sleep on floor
Tue 18 Jan [1944]  Word games, Food discussions, Beer
Wed 19 Jan [1944]  on end of goods – train. Bibles & Jeep board
Thu 20 Jan [1944]  Trade cigs for brote [bread]. Low on staff of life
Fri 21 Jan [1944]  Barth. Search. Shower, 6 in a room [Rooms would later hold 16 to 20 POW]

21 Feb 1944: Family mine: Have finally seen “Man who came to Dinner”. It had an all English RAF cast, with many extra laughs as a result. You can send me books, games, cigarettes and chocolate as often as you like. Could use an English-German dictionary and vitamin tablets. Tell Leo Goodman at my October address to forward my mail to you. Also let Kay know I’m safe. All my love, Rob.

Sat 22 Jan [1944]  Pat & I, cooks for week. All afternoon trying to boil cabbage, Secret is in the fire.
Sun 23 Jan [1944]  Cooks busy all the time. Re-organization. One meal per day, Drink and brote otherwise?"

23 Feb 1944: Dearest Family, Wish I could be in New Orleans for the Mardi Gras. We celebrated Washington’s birthday with a pudding made from Turkish Red Cross raisins and nuts, delicious! Would like some snapshots of you, just put one in a letter to keep from losing several if one letter is lost. Toothbrushes are priceless here too, also scissors, and notebooks. Love, Rob.

Mon 24 Jan [1944]  Rates Krentz packages (2/M W-F)
Tue 25 Jan [1944]  Library 10:30-12:00  2:00 to 3:30 "Colonel" War over soon
Wed 26 Jan [1944]  Edgar Wallace "On the Spot" paper mache scenery
Thu 27 Jan [1944]  No peace, much rumor telling. Classes postponed.

Vor- und Zuname: 2ND Lt. R. D. PETERSON
Gefangenennummer: NOT ALLOTTED
Lager-Bezeichnung: M.-Stammlager Luft 1 via M.-Stammlager Luft 3
Deutschland (Germany)
28 January 1944: Family Mine, am settled in a permanent camp now and all of us here are fairly comfortable. Knowing that we don't have to remain prisoners much longer is our big consolation. Even if the conflict appears to be near an end, would you send me a package or two? Except for cigarettes we have no money, the fags are coin of the realm. Please contact one of the young intelligent clerks at Ellington Red Cross for help in getting the packages to me. Don't let Mrs. Graves handle it, or everything is sure to be bungled. You recall how she messed up the bazaar last time I was home. Packages are sent to me at Stammlager Luft One. Letters must come thru Luft Three. In the package send a sewing kit, tooth brush and powder, vitamin tablets, razor blades, games and books. Cold weather is soon over so don't send any winter garments. A German-English dictionary would be swell. The language classes lack a good one. Even a small volume will do. Don't worry about me. I a feeling fine and quite well. Can't tell you more. Thousand Kisses. Robert

Fri 28 Jan [1944] 3 packages, saved up coal for weekend
Sat 29 Jan [1944]  Lights till 11, padre is fun for meals Pres. birthday
Sun 30 Jan [1944]  Church of England services- Hymns as poetry. Inferior to our own. Air Raid
Mon 31 Jan [1944]  Trade coffee for brote [bread]. One bag for 2 loaves Crew cuts. 50 j-points[Jerry Points] per loaf. 4 bags per 100 com.
Tue 1 Feb [1944]  Auction by Digger Thread 30, blades 20, polish 20 --new toothbrush 220
(February 1944) Angus "Old MacDonald had a Farm"
Wed 2 Feb [1944]  Room 11 & march---my aching sides
Tue 3 Feb [1944]  Country Carpenter – Boiled potatoes Skit in hall – "Huns on parade"
Fri 4 Feb [1944]  Concert – Plenty barley. Room 11 baseball & Hun check ride
Sat 5 Feb [1944]  Washing on barbed wire – "Robinson Crusoe"
Sun 6 Feb [1944]  Shaving water in Klim[Milk spelled backwards] tin, Barbed wire coat hanger & nails. Visit Chicago world Fair
Mon 7 Feb [1944]  Am. parcels. New arrivals "you'll be sorry: Bingham has our tent." "Blazed Trail"Stewart White. Hun meat and new fry pan.
Tue 8 Feb [1944]  lectures on Commercial Law & Economics. Prune whip scorched. Map making

9 February 1944: Dearest Family, not a night passes but that I have happy dreams of you and home. Even tho I am a prisoner in body my dreams can never be bound. All considered, we are comfortable and as happy as this situation allows. Reading is the chief occupation, so you know I will get along better than most. But don't be afraid I'll strain my eyes with reading as there are many other things to occupy my hours. All in all, I seldom have more than one or two free hours a day. Red Cross rations don't require much cooking, yet there is just enough to be done that our time is well used up. The Germans furnish us enough for one good meal a day, Red Cross food makes up the difference. However there are many things I dearly miss. You can send me an eleven pound food parcel every two months. Please include some rice in the first one. Chocolate, cigarettes, and any type of concentrated food are most suitable. Send the packages via Stammlager Luft One direct. Letters must come thru Stammlager Luft Three for censoring. You can send me as much mail as you desire. All my love, Rob

Wed 9 Feb [1944]  Card to K. Reorganization of Work. Carroll & I do dishes and sweep one day, Cornish & Pat the next. Search for stolen watch. Toast & chocolate, Hun soup. Canadian chocolate, Rutabagas, potatoes, salmon
On entering a Kriegie's room, the first thing to catch an eye as it roves the place, are the clothes lines hanging in all directions. The drying things give a nautical feeling as if this were a clipper ship with full sails up. But these sails have none of the spickness and freshness that goes with ocean craft. Glancing about the crowded condition, large number of men to each room becomes apparent. Second hand, prefabricated walls, tin can utensils, wood double deck bunks, straw mattresses, handmade springs of barbed wire, cardboard boxes as personal shelves, decorative door name plates, shoe polish paintings, can wrappers as wall paper. [With about 16 men per room and 120 men per block the usual pattern was: You knew the guys in your room very well! You had at least a "nodding" acquaintance" with the other guys in your block. You had friends in other blocks that you socialized with. Maybe from your home town, fellow crew members or guys you went through training with. After dark you were locked in your block with the windows shuttered so there was no way to get together with other guys except in your own block. There was little or no "guest" seating provision in the rooms so you hung out in your own room most of the time. I've often said that with no contact between compounds – your own brother could be in one of the North compounds and you would never ever know it.Robert A. "Bob" Dickson]

Thu 10 Feb [1944]  Padres packages – orange sauce. Search in our compound. "Lunch with Charley Major" -- Fink & Digilio. Cheese and potatoes. Miss benzene.
[February 1944] Colonel takes stronger hand
Fri 11 Feb [1944]  Short parades -- History of Cotton
Sat 12 Feb [1944]  No concert--plenty brote every 6 weeks
Sun 13 Feb [1944]  Holy room happy. No hat stuff Eminent Victorians--Haircut Stein
Mon 14 Feb [1944]  Barracks – one confined. Colonel Rah Rah
Tue 15 Feb [1944]  "Man who came to Dinner" "Stir crazy"
Wed 16 Feb [1944]  Meningitis. Monopoly, Walpole's Letters
Thu 17 Feb [1944]  2 cases [Meningitis]Parole for open widows. [To reduce escape attempts all windows in every room, of each Block (barracks) were shuttered at night by the "Goons" (guards). The Allied Commanding Officer insisted the Germans leave the windows open during this serious spinal meningitis epidemic. The German Kommandant demanded that Col. Hatcher order the prisoners not to use the windows for escape attempts. View Original Order No. 2 – Robert A. "Bob" Dickson]

Fri 18 Feb [1944]  Thomson kicks in spinal [Meningitis]. Gargle
Sat 19 Feb [1944]  Wash floor. Shelf of cardboard. After war occupations. 3 frg holder South Sea's. Firing practice. What would you do under certain conditions. Escape, proceed Airplane recag. Use photography. Tools Lamps, Radios, news sheet. magazines from home. Everyone busy. Gardens Phonographs. Ground tactics. Mess system. Suggestion box. Water bag. Games. Ice cream flying high. Disposition of missing crews affects. Tent patched. Portable typewriter

(February 1944) Hot water shower system. Mirrors Coca cola, ice cream freezer, Kerosene iron. Remove folding cockpit door and rear entrance step from 17, Scout knife chemicals and codes. Competition for extra benefits. Chances for advancement emphasized. More powdered milk. Serve C rations cold in summer. Interesting calisthenics divide job of leading among everyone.
Mediaeval society, taken as a whole was not most stable institution man has produced – Robber barons did less damage than modern armies Roman church that worshipped saints was at least better than a modern world that adores millionaires.
Old magazines on Japan and far East. Japanese Language. David A. Simmons – head of American Bar Association believes there should be a Federal police force. If the animals of the world could talk, the lions and tigers would soon be working for the foxes and weasels. Mankind is more governed by appearances than realities. Julius Caesar – It is not necessary that I live, but it is necessary that I reach the destination said before embarking into a storm at sea.
The wise cynic exposes the truth, while the sentimentalist drapes it. The fine fair that divides liberty from license. I admire tombstones because they at least speak well of a man when he's down. Landy Lester Keffer
The Bank of England & East India Co. have probably had more influence over English history than the Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights ever exerted p193. As carelessly stupid as if a housewife had engaged the village harlot for a nursery maid.
Ferry – Helsingborg(s) to Helsingar [Helsingburg] morganatic (193) Between hay and grass rice brown, winter clothes, cocoa, cigarettes, books paper back, Honey. Secret Sam the razor blade man. padre 597 punished with transportation
Chloride of mercury – dark red
dev.potassium iodide
cobalt nitrate – dark green
potassium Ferro cyanide
iron chloride – red – sodium sulphocyanide
chloride of mercury – yellow
caustic soda (very weak)
copper sulfate – light blue – ammonia (strong
carbolic acid – iron chloride – violet
sodium chlorate – green – copper sulfate
rice water – potassium iodide – purple
cobalt nitrate – ammonia (strong)
    heat                 navy blue
strong ferric ammonium sulfate
equal parts ammonium chloride
and copper sulfate (yellow
weak cobalt nitrate (rose-pink
cobalt chloride
(February 1944) Lydia Pinkham – 409

Stalag Luft 1 Command Group
Hauptmannv.Miller, Secretary Burchand, Attaché Auckenthaler (both from Switzerland),Oberst Willibald Scherer,
Dr. Thams and HauptmannEillers.

[Posted for all Kriegies to read and heed] Barth, den 20.4 1944 Kriegsgefangenlager Nv 1 der Luftwaffe. Kommandantur

Notice: During the recapture-action of British Air Force officers by a mass escape, the air force officers showed resistance when arrested, Others, after having been rearrested undertook again to escape on the return transport to the camp. In the above mentioned cases, firearms had to be used and on this occasion 47 POWs were shot. Obert u.Kommandant
The grave's a fine and private place, But none, I think, do there embrace. "To his coy' Mistress", Marvel

Letters to: Kay, Gin, Jackie, Perberton, Johnson, Keo, Buddy, Slattery, E. W. Pettis, Margaret Maloney, Clyde Holliday, California, Reeds in K.C., Reids in Altus, Shreveport: Harriet Lancaster, Helen Ewing, Francis Boatus, Charles Knight, Dick Slay, Leo Bird. Dr. Hall Soward, Young, Jenkins, Blanchard Helms, various Bird roofs, Jerry Mige, Slalteries, Francis McCoy, Mr Bennett, Mr. Kaufman, Herbert Alexander, Lamar Redit, Robert, Jimmy, Kistenmucher, Reese Jones, Beard, Francis Glossel, Charlie McCall, Moffetts,
Lula Eagan, Junonvilles, Joe Robinson, Ax Hatchett, Patterson, Homer Lambard, J.C. Phelippe, n Joe, Reid, Sidney Smith, Sidney Bird, Edwin Doran, Ed Dowell, Ed Thilman, George David, John Gordon, Morgan Landry, Francis Landry, Bunk Denny, Dale Shaver, Peg Kendricks, George Jones, Louis Binion, MacFarland, Templet twins, Saurages, Bersudars, Tudor Wall, Pat Klienpeter, the Wallers, Becky Provost, Roy Wanamaker, Helen Nauikauer, Sara Milikans, Hase Alexander, Jim Bob Evans, Violet Amos, Craig, Billy Avens, Harold Dumas, J.R. Corbett, Ann Roberts, Norman David, Lear Ayers, Jewel Clayton, Lora Mae Barrow
Dad: Relatives, ancestry, picking wife and making her happy, selling forming, Standard Roofing Co., my future plans Mother: Ancestry, Relatives, marriage, how to pick a wife and make her happy, recipes, chief regret, mistakes, dancing, my future plans.
(February 1944) Thoughts Worth Remembering -
Wise men learn more from fools, fools learn from wise men. CATO
We cannot prevent the black birds of evil from flying over our heads, but we can prevent them from building their nests in our hair. CHINESE PROVERB
Act nothing in furious passion; it's like putting to sea in a storm. THOMAS FULLER
There is nothing so ridiculous that has not at some time been said by some philosopher. GOLDSMITH
There is more pleasure in building castles in the air than on the ground, GIBBON
Business is really more agreeable than pleasure; it interests the whole mind, the aggregate nature of man more continuously and more deeply. But it does not look as if it did.         WALTER BAGEHOT
R.A.F. lecturer on MET sometimes called weather. Speaker writes all the notes he desires his students to make. Leg of winter underwear on kitten. The other two kittens fail to recognize him.
Robert H. Smith, 700 5th Ave. North, Great Falls, Montana
Songs: Green Eyes, Carolina Moon.
Use air transport aircraft and airborne divisions to secure territory conquered by tanks. "Only a Rose" Salvo turrets. Bash Box.
List of addresses George R. Greer, Bonner's Ferry, Idaho
(February 1944)
Law and custom are most times quite different.
The soul is dyed the color of it's leisure thoughts. DEAN INGE
The difficult is that which can be done immediately, the impossible that which takes a little longer ANSEN
How odd of God to choose the Jews, But not so odd as those who choose a Jewish God yet spurn the Jews
I believe more follies are committed out of complaisance to the world, than in following our own inclinations- nature is seldom in the wrong, custom always; LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU
May you walk with God. Spanish Saying
The secret of being miserable is to have the leisure to bother about whether you are happy or not. Bernard Shaw
The only thing one can do by ones' self is to die. Marie Corelli
It is not college education which is expensive; but college-dissipation
Edward Bellamy "Looking Backwards"
Church: Boy Scouts: Handicraft. Radio Station. Photography. Sports. Union of other churches. Church Bazaars. Telephone loudspeaker for week day morning services in each home. Have neighborhood chapels within 4 blocks of every home.
Roofing: Barbershop advertising. Appeal more to wives. Workman's compensation Company doctor, first aid kits on all jobs,
Group life insurance. Profit sharing Rewards for no leaks to workmen. Fairs and appliance shows. Puppets
Photos from fire chiefs of wood shingle fires. Monthly homeowners magazine, prizes to those who read the entire issue.
[Before the war and while in college, Peterson was working in the roofing trade with his father (ed.)]
Arguments: UNIONS ---Civil Service Buddy--Buddy with enlisted crew. JOBS IN DEPRESSIONS Vacuum Cleaner Salesman,
Measure drift on clouds a'la Carroll. Possible to make 4 raids per day on French coast. Curvature of earth. Jack and his pool hall adventures a
Children: Allowances for which they work. Acquaint them with various careers, Bring their friends to house. Show high schoolers disadvantages of going steady! Break gambling by wagering against the fellow. Archery, bicycling, horsemanship
Why I ran away from home. Memory games. Learn everyone's' name. Parents must not quarrel, curse, before their children. Girls--how to control a paw-some date. Send to South America or Europe for your [... entry unintelligible after 60 years – ed.]
Fri 1/5L, 2/25 mar, cocoa tin sugar, 4 potatoes
Sat 1/8, 2/25 mar., 1/2 cup cottage cheese, 1/2 cup 5 potatoes Ersatz margarine.
Sun 4 potatoes, 1/25 marj. 1/2 bowl barley, l/4 loaf
Mon 2 cups bean soup, 1/6 L. 2 tbs, mar, 3 potatoes
Tue 1/5 L barley, 2 tbs mar, 4 potatoes, 1/2
Wed 1/6 L Rutabaga stew
Thu 1/5 L, spoilt 3 hunks Hun meat, stink cheese, cocoa tin of sugar, mar., 4 potatoes

5 Mar 1944: Dearest Family, Happy birthday Marion! Maybe this won’t be too late. I’m eating a piece of angel food cake mentally in celebration. Well, anyway it is barley pudding and tastes good when there are only such things available. Would like so much to find a snapshot of you in some future letter. My love goes out to you. Robert

Total including Red Cross: 2 coffee, 2 toast & cheese, l toast butter & jam, cup bean soup, l toast-1 cup & spoon of Hun meat, pate' & potatoes, 1/2 D and 6 prunes, 2 forks raisins--2 coffee, 2 toast, & jam, 1 cup barley D-Bar, 6 prunes, 3/4 bowl corned beef hash, l toast--2 coffee 2 toast and cheese, cup pea soup, 2 tablespoons Turkish raisins, 2 prunes, l coffee, l lettuce, 3 spam, 1 lettuce & cheese, 2 prunes, l coffee 2 lettuce and butter--2 coffees, 3 toasts
John Harrington -- Treason doth never prosper; what's the reason? For if it prosper, none doth call it treason.
Lloyd Crabtree – Liberty [TX] room 16 block 7 went to A&M 34-38 Lives at Daisfe Daisetta.

Keith Altus 43-F [AAF training class]
George J. Thom 617 ½, Jefferson St., Burlington, Wisconsin -- jumped from 2800 indicated alt. and landed in clump of trees without chute opening.
Firstenfeld--Couni and others
[There was little communication between compounds. You hardly knew those in your own hut or adjoining huts. the wire between compounds limited access. Lack of food was a factor limiting activity. The Red Cross parcels were either U.S., British, or Canadian. Each differed little in contents. The Canadian contained butter in place of margarine and for this reason were the preferred parcels. Margarine was white and therefore not too attractive. Jim McIntosh]

Halloween – Jack with another friend notices two signs left in middle of street by pranksters, in rolling them off, a squad car pulls up. "Caught in the act."
Boarding House: Magazines--late snacks, fruit on table all the time--pack lunches. Benefit House Wood fireplace, toasting marsh. etc. 10 hrs work for all help. Casement
Meade recipe: 14 Lb honey, 4 gal. water little ginger, and two handfuls dried elder flowers: boil for hour, skimming thru out. Allow to cool and add spoon of yeast Draw off next day and Barrel.

NARROW ESCAPE – B-24 pilot left ship at indicated alt. of 2800 with chest pack which failed to open. When the rip cord fouled he began tearing at the release flap and continued to until he crashed into the top of a pine tree. About five minutes later he recovered consciousness to discover himself up to his knees in the soft sand and the chute still on his chest unopened. A ten foot section of the pine tree top was near his side--that and his winter flying boots coupled with the soft ground are the reasons which he gives for his survival. George J. Thom, 617 1/2 Jefferson St., Burlington, Wisconsin

11 March 1944: Dearest Family, Sure hope this letter finds all of you in good health. Had the pleasure this week of attending a light classical concert and it was quite good. Ordinarily I'd never had a chance to attend the debates and musicales which are scheduled nearly every week here. Reading still takes up most of my time along with classes. On two days a week there are no subjects that interest me, so I get to see a football or play a bit of volley ball. Now that summer is coming on all of us will be playing more games. Going to school is all fine on cold wintry days, but playing games gets the nod when the weathers hot. Until those humid days arrive, I'll continue to do half and half. Am hoping to receive mail from you in a few more weeks, that will be a happy day. Red Cross parcels supply us with nearly all our needs; but there are some things we lack. Dentifrices and toothbrushes are unobtainable, while razor blades are quite scarce. Solving the whisker problem has been easy, I just let 'em grow; but I'd go into raptures over a Dr. West's brush and some toothpowder. Please send the chocolate and cigarette packages direct to Luft One. Letters via Stammlager Luft Three. All my love, Rob

Test potato brew by feeding to barracks cat.

Broadcast meeting of legislature
Compulsory automobile insurance
Invite grumblers to take part as a testing committee.
People's house in neighborhoods.
Musical instruments,
Training manuals
Electric toaster
Flap control divided in quarters and work automatic.
Protect fellows who are missing by sending home nothing incriminating.
Remembering names and faces,
Details of History.
Stress universal participation in sports.
Have rally more often and a decathlon of studies. = [Dr. Robert D. Peterson, Founder Academic Decathlon]
Supporting scholarships for those who make high attainments.
Better to spend 2 years learning to play a musical instrument than speaking a foreign language.
2 sets of marks one for results and the other for efforts.
Do not educate for the exam.
Indian Chief named his first girl child, Minnie giggle in honor of his Mother, Miniehaha.
The peculiarity of classical music is that it is so much better than it sounds.
1st Kriegie: Did you take a shower today? 2nd Kriegie: No, is one missing?
Are you serious, no, I'm Roebrick.
The one who tempts is worse than he who falls.
No girl is likely to marry unless she makes marriage her price. (Halliday Sutherland)
A toast to our wives and sweethearts -- May they never meet.
Success is getting what you want, happiness is wanting what you get. Anon
Woman accepts man for the sake of matrimony and man accepts matrimony for the sake of woman.
Turkish phrases--My beloved, now and always. I recommended you to God.
May Allah always be kind to you, may nothing hurt our heart.
May a scorpion gnaw at your throat.
The arrow set flying cannot return.
March 14 [1944] Long Boat Row to hoe
W. S. Branum – 1st Lt O-802525 – 2344 Clairborne Ave, Shreveport, [LA]
MacCloud – Room 3 block 4
I take off my hat to valor
But to valor
I go down to my ___
Storm Music by an English novel.
Baton Rouge Francis McKay
Saturday March 14 [1944]  - North & West [South] Compound concert. Bed board violin. [Clair Cline, Tacoma, Washington]

Stories: landing on wrong field. [Aircraft Radio] on transmit instead of inter-phone. Debate on town & country. trading watches – Make food last – one prune at a time. Tricks – soap in kettle, lock door, remove one card from deck, paper on light socket, burn up coal
Stories: Interrogation – new comer takes a leak in the brew bottle. Another arguers about giving up his shoes. Rosen & myself talking at roll call of commuting. Rosen says he had to travel 75 miles twice a day to work. “Rock” Ford perks up his ears and asks is that posted on the board? Hot Sketches: 2nd Lt. who when he wasn't skipping thru the P.O.E. fence was borrowing enlisted men's clothing and visiting W.A.C. on the post.

18 Mar 1944: Dearest Family, Tonight I should be washing because it’s my turn at the bucket; yet as this card has turned up I’ll delay my laundry work for awhile. We share nearly everything from razors to utensils, nothing is plentiful in our accepted standards. Books on History and Biography would be best so far as I’m concerned. Honey, I’ve found is and ideal food to send. All my love, Rob

Countenance, niceties, etiquette, occurrence, familiar, illogical, diabetic, inappropriate, premises, statistics, curiosity, inevitable. Father T. Lynch, 34 Lansdowne, Rd. Aldarshot, England. Pronounce: Daedalus, Icarus, Montgollier, Lilienthal

March 21 1944: Dearest Family, Friends of mine here who have been down only a while longer than I are starting to receive a trickle of letters. So you know I’m looking forward to news from you soon. Centuries ago, it seems, I had a letter from you but that was almost in another existence. However much I worry over you, still you have grieved a thousand fold more until my letters reached you. Of course that’s expected, but monthly I sent you news of my safety every day and I hope it was a comfort. One of my chief hopes is that you didn’t have to worry too long. Lately the weather has become warmer, we hope to be sun bathing in a few weeks from now. Until then I suppose the April showers will keep us barracks bound. Seems like the clouds let fall just at roll call time so as to wet us a bit. Even that is often an advantage as the parade doesn’t last so long. Try and notify Rex Pemberton, his address is in the Altus class book, that I’m O.K. In case you haven’t already done so, please include some notebooks in the parcels. Notebooks here are scarce, all kinds of paper for that matter are at a premium. Fortunately I was able to get one notebook from the educational officer; but there is little chance of another one soon from him. Older Kriegies here have extra paper from home so I can borrow from them. If you can please send me a history book or two. Love to you every one. Robert

22 Mar 1944: Dearest Family, Today is an exciting one so far as sports go, the play off in football and soccer will take place this afternoon. Some of the British Sgts. Can play superior ball, tho none of us are worth a hoot as soccer. Met a fellow here who used to live near Blue Bird Creamery in Baton Rouge. He likes their hamburgers too. All my love, Rob

23 Mar 1944: Dearest Family, Have just returned from the shower house, a much anticipated weekly event. Following this visit I feel clean at least for a day. Red Cross parcels contain soap and as the weather becomes warmer every bar will be well used. A monopoly game is in progress among my roommates, during rainy days games & books keep us from one another’s anger. Send you my love, Rob

24 Mar 1944: Family mine, Should world conditions seem unfavorable by the time you receive this, would you please send me a winter clothing parcel. Wool socks, a pair of trousers, and winter underwear, then too fur gloves. Parcels should be sent direct to me at Stammlager Luft 1. Mail comes via Luft 3. A smooth cutting can opener and small scissors would also answer most of the problems. All my love, Robert

27 Mar 1944: Family mine, Today I’m room orderly which means I have to stick around and do the things that have to be done, such as getting the hot water for drinks, taking care of the coal fire, dividing German rations, cleaning up, and such trivialities. In turn each of us in the room has this job. So every six days I’m it. All the remaining time is free for games and reading. In you next food parcel to me, wish you would include some packages of Jello and similar foods of that type. All my love, Robert.

4 Apr 1944: Dearest Family, Likely this will reach you in time for Dad’s birthday; but just the same, Marion, Happy Returns. If I’m still here this summer I’ll have a chance to become well tanned, none of that prison pallor for us. Pancake flour, Jello, rice, soup powder, Cocoa, dried peas or beans, and honey are some things you might send in the food parcels. All my love, Robert.

[11 April 1944 LT William C. 'Bill' Urry Shot Down – Excellent account of POW life recounted by his grandson Justin Urry]

18 April 1944: Dearest Family, now that some of the other Americans here are getting mail from the States I'm hopeful that there will be a letter from you soon. Every time someone else gets mail it makes us who haven't done so all the more anxious. When you do write please tell me about the popular books, shows, radio programs and songs. Genuine information of this sort is nil. You will be amazed when you discover how far behind times I've become. Anything that arises from the first few weeks will require an explanation as to what happened while I was away. Really, in a way it will be funny, me asking questions as if I was a four year old. Don't forget though, I'm looking forward to those coming days with anticipations stronger than any others I've ever had. Spring is upon us and we are enjoying it completely. Our softball team is getting almost professional in play. Now the umpires are afraid to call a games as all the players promise them dire fates on every doubtful decision. Daily someone else acquires a black eye. Unless we curb our feelings, there will be no umps. To get volunteers is a hard job now. They are becoming more scarce as the games get hotter. My Love, Robert

May 3 [1944] Jack works all afternoon on Klim tin fag case and I do same on automatic closing locker door.

American Ingenuity Behind Barbed Wire

by Col. C. V. Glines, USAF (Ret)

One of the intriguing displays at the Air Force Museum is the Prisoner-of-War exhibit in the World War II area. At first glance, it seems to be a strange collection of items that look as though they were retrieved from a trash can. But the placards tell why they are uniquely deserving of being on display. They are there because of the forethought of Colonel Charles Ross Greening, one of Jimmy Doolittle's Tokyo Raiders.

Greening bailed out over China after bombing Tokyo, returned to the States and went back overseas to serve in Doolittle's 12th Air Force in North Africa. His luck ran out over Italy in July 1943, when his B-26 was hit by anti-aircraft fire. He again bailed out successfully, although nearly dropping into the crater of Mount Vesuvius, an active volcano in southeast Italy. He was promptly captured by the Germans but escaped and was hidden by friendly Italians for about four months. He later made his way to the Yugoslavian border where he hid in a mountain cave with two New Zealanders for four more months. They were fed and given clothing by local villagers. Greening, a 1936 graduate of Washington State University with a bachelor's degree in art, repaid them for their kindness by sketching his underground allies and their children, making model planes and carving wood figures.

The three evadees were captured by the Germans in March 1944, and sent to Stalag Luft One near Barth, Germany, one of the POW camps holding mostly Air Force officers. Greening, then a Lt Colonel, became CO of North Compound One. By the terms of the Geneva Convention, captured officers were not required to work and time wore heavily on their hands. As one POW said, "Nothing is the hardest thing in the world to do." "Fortunately, the International YMCA was trying to get supplies to this camp," Greening said, "in order to provide recreational activities, educational programs, church and religious activities, which were considered by the POWs as necessities for a sanity lifeline. The International Red Cross was likewise trying to get food to these men.

"I realized that the best thing I could do would be in the field of art so I started art classes. We had little or no materials but organized classes anyway. Any scrap of paper became drawing paper; human hair became paint brushes; twigs from trees were baked and made into charcoal for drawing materials; coffees was used for dye; can labels were boiled to extract color for paints.

"We needed knives and hammers with which we could do some wood carving and sculpture. The German stoves were pulled apart; heavy iron bars were removed and kept hidden from the German search parties. These were heated and pounded into various forms of cutting tools, then sharpened to a fine edge on rocks and bricks found in the camp.

"The International YMCA provided phonograph records which were played until they were worn out. They were then broken into workable bits and heated; the plastic that resulted was used to make sculptures, model airplanes and holders for paint brushes."

Greening's art classes became instantly successful, with wood carving being especially popular; airplanes and ships were the favorite models. Wood was scarce but beds, furniture, barracks buildings and fence posts produced fragments that were useful.

Greening was surprised at the latent talent that came forth and in July 1944, organized a "Kriegie Kraft Karnival" to exhibit their work. "The prize exhibit," he said, "was a full model violin made by Capt Clair W. Cline from bed slats and a leg of a chair, with no other tools than a small penknife, a razor blade, a broken piece of glass and sand. For the edge inlay, Cline soaked a piece of a Red Cross plywood box in ersatz coffee and fitted it carefully in the groove made with a razor blade. For glue, he scraped the excess amounts of glue from under the German mess tables and boiled it in a small cheese tin to hold the violin parts together. For clamps, he used the table clamps of a ping pong set sent in by the YMCA."

The urge to make items using available resources that would make their lives more comfortable was contagious. Tin cans from the Red Cross food parcels proved to be the most valuable source of metal for tools and cooking utensils. Flattened out, they were made into ovens, stoves, egg beaters, food graters, saws, coffee pots, lamps and toys. In one case, powdered milk cans were fashioned into a hand-powered washing machine. The cans were also used to make air blowers to get the most heat from the charcoal used in cooking and pump air into the escape tunnels that were always being dug.

The ever-growing challenge to make things escalated and the list of unusual items grew exponentially. Table knives were made into saws; potato mashers and rolling pins were made from table parts; french fry baskets were shaped from barbed wire, skillets from the side of a stove. Bed posts were made into baseball bats and balls from the leather of old shoes. The melted foil from cigarette packages was made into Allied air insignia and bandages were made from the cellophane. Bed slats, broom handles and floor boards provided wood for a variety of items like chess sets, model homes and ship models.

Several POWs knitted dresses and pocketbooks from blanket threads to wear in plays. German uniforms were copied for escape attempts. Lamps were made using belt webbing for wicks and lard or margarine for oil. Clocks were made from wood, cardboard and cans; their weights were filled with brick chips and sand. Octants, slide rules and compasses were fashioned by several imprisoned navigators for use in escape attempts.

Lt Raymond Brooks was a special beneficiary of the ingenuity of his fellow prisoners. His leg had been amputated by German doctors and he had great difficulty getting around on crutches. Capt Myron Morrill, with the help of three others, constructed an artificial leg for Brooks. Leather for the laced part of the limb was secretly sewed together by a fellow prisoner who was allowed the use of a sewing machine once a week to mend shoes. The calf of the limb was constructed from a piece of stove pipe and held together with parts of a music stand. The foot was carved from a fence post.

Thanks to the Red Cross packages, prisoners also showed their ingenuity with food substitutions. Tooth powder was used in place of baking powder; whipped cream was made out of powdered milk and margarine; ice cream from snow, powdered milk and jam. One imaginative cook wrote this recipe for pie a la mode: "Take one dozen C-ration crackers, grind them up with a tin can grater, roll them into flour with a table leg rolling pin. Add 2 tablespoons of margarine, 1 tablespoon of powdered milk, 8 tablespoons of water to form pie crust batter. Using one of the tin can pie tins, bake for 4 minutes in a tin can oven at a moderate temperature. Boil the contents of either raisins or dried prunes from a food parcel and pour into pie crust. Bake for another 4 minutes. Remove and cool. Take powdered milk and mix into thick paste, spread over top, cut into 8 pieces and serve."

Mice were always a problem. One POW decided he had enough of them stealing food and constructed a 12-can mouse trap designed to give them an even chance to escape execution provided they made the right choice of an exit path and survived one of six execution methods: guillotining, poisoning, crushing, being skewered on nails, hanging by a noose or suffocation in solitary confinement.

Greening was keenly impressed with the clever inventiveness of his fellow inmates and thought their work should be preserved to show what Americans in confinement could do. 'When the camp was liberated in May 1945, Greening immediately sent a message to General Doolittle at 8th Air Force headquarters in England. Would he send aircraft to pick up boxes weighing 5,000 pounds that Greening labeled as classified intelligence materials?

Doolittle immediately dispatched three B-17s while Greening commandeered 15 trucks to take the top secret load to the airport. Before the shipment could be loaded, Doolittle was transferred to the States and the Pacific. When Greening arrived in England to claim his strange collection, intelligence officers had not been alerted. After a sampling of one box, they were about to consign everything to the junk yard. Greening assured them that the contents had General Doolittle's blessing, were to be shipped immediately to the Pentagon and opened there only by specially-cleared intelligence officials.

Greening arrived at the Pentagon and convinced Maj Gen Emmett R. "Rosie" O'Donnell, then AAF Director of Information, that the Army Air Force should sponsor a traveling exhibit to display the 800 examples of Yankee inventiveness he had liberated. O'Donnell was agreeable only if he could find a sponsor, so Greening turned to the YMCA and Red Cross. The former immediately arranged for space at the Museum of Science and Industry in New York City. Greening was then authorized to choose former POWs to design, build and man the displays. A typical 16-man POW room, a "cooler" where POWs were sent for punishment, and a German guard tower were constructed as a setting for the other displays. A model cut-away of an escape tunnel that prisoners dug and devices made to aid escapes were shown. Small items were exhibited under plastic nose cones from AAF bombers.

The show was opened in October 1945, by Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia who was fascinated by the displays. He cut a barbed wire "ribbon" with wire cutters made from ice skate blades and then intended to leave but he was so captivated that he stayed two hours. The public was also intrigued and thousands of visitors crowded into the museum to see the show in October and November 1945.

Greening hoped that other sponsors would come forward so he could take the show to other large cities across the United States. No one did but Carl J. Fleer, a Minneapolis store owner, was so impressed that he thought major department stores, always gathering places for people, could be persuaded to subsidize the exhibit. He offered his own store and obtained agreements from stores in a number of other cities. Greening got approval from the Pentagon and the Army Air Forces POW Exposition was officially organized with 22 officers and enlisted men assigned, all former POWs. They were put on extended temporary  duty with Greening in charge. For the next nine months, the group set up the exhibit in 16 cities. Greening and his men made 1,500 radio broadcasts, 900 talks before civic, military and church groups, prepared articles and talked to hundreds of school children about their experiences. An estimated seven million people saw the exhibits.

The last stop of the tour was Washington, DC., in September 1946. Greening was warned that the public in the nation's capital had enough of the reminders of war and the exhibit would be a waste of time. The crowds at a downtown department store were more than double those at any other city of the entire trip.

Greening went on to other assignments, but many of the ingenious items he had rescued from oblivion at Stalag Luft One were saved. They have occupied an honored place for many years at the Air Force Museum. Millions of visitors have been given an opportunity to see the results of American creativity behind barbed wire.

Colonel inspecting rooms and personnel. German explains his ribbons. This one for Russian front, this for Austrian front and this one I don't have on my right side is for the England front. Rumor has one of escapees returned after on loose. Gestapo handcuffed him and permitted civilian manhandling of him. Carroll says his book is interesting. Why does he keep climbing down out of bed for a drink of water.

[16 June 1944] GARDEN
Lettuce plants June 5, seeds June 7
Radish  June 7,
Beans and English peas, June 13,
Carrots June 14
N Beets  "     "
Onions     "     "
celery plants         June 16
Rickshaw boy pulling 2 GIs. They lean forward and urge him onward. When he's running as fast as he will go, the yanks suddenly lean all the way back and flip the runner into the air.
Visit of the protecting power. Easy does it. Photos and many letters from home. Germans missing part of their card file. We spend two days in parade ground. Personal search, but no luck. Rake all sand piles. 2 English big shots removed from camp a la Gestapo. Rough days ahead.
A difference of technique may be as profound as a difference of principle. Heyward Brown
Health is the greatest of gifts, contentment the best of riches, trust is the best of relationships. from `Dhammapada' Translated by F. Max Muller
Try to get the best out of men, not the most. Anon
Hard Luck on sub-patrol off Fla. Shot down and transported back to Germany. Shot down day war was declared while sprinkling pamphlets over Germany
Crookshanks--Eng. Officer. Fly ships off during raids or tow to tangled forest. Revetments no tracer ammo. Old Hurricanes flown by British, nix govt.
Jimmy D.[Daigle, James J. "Jimmy"]and his crap-shooting exploits with 45 on his side.
(June 1944) Calisthenics
Deep breathing
Deep knee bends
Arm, Finger
Burpies & push ups
Running in place, boxers
Coordination exercises
Randolph Shuffle
Drill of soldier
Silent drill, also unison cadence count.
Mass commands, Prearranged
On giving count, end last numbers with "That's All" instead of 3, 4.
Stop exercise half way thru and stretch the muscle.
Marching rations less 8 hrs. Normal break and 100 grs. fresh sausage.
More than 8 hours 500 grs" and 150 fresh sausage
(14 June 1944) OKW by Oct. 1st
German rations per week per man
Bread 2425 1 loaf = 1800 grams          2425
Marj 150                 fat           218
Sausage 100 fresh meat                       250
Cheese 82.5                                           46.8
Jam 175                                                  175
Barley 200                                              150
Meat 140               
Sugar 175              
Potatoes 2800      
Cabbages 600 when available           
Swedes 1200        
Fumigation "everyone out". In other compound big shots refused to be gassed. All bed bugs went into their room. Can't fumigate again till all rest of camp is finished. Rank is going nuts. Jim at interrogation. Don't give me the screaming shits. Coldwater treatment. Take away food, mistreat other partners. Hot food little time to eat. Laxatives but no latrine. Noise Change length of days and nights.
5 good Comparisons.
Thick as ticks.
He's got glue on his hands.
My private opinion, spoken in public.
They call me Jake when dinners ready.
Like fizzle you would.
[British and American Educational Classes in South Compound]

[time]        M                         T                            W                         T                             F                           S                            S
10            French                   German                   Engineering           German                   French                   German
11            Algebra                  Radio                      Radio                   Algebra                   Mech Draw           Engineering
12            Physics                   Mech D.                 Spanish                 Physics                   Mech Draw           Engineering
2              Military His.            French                    ______                German                   Music                    Anatomy
2:50         German                   Economics             Anatomy                Military His             Music                     ______ 

[time]      M                           T                         W                           T                             F                             S                            S
10           German                  French                  Spanish                  German                   French                    Spanish
11           Spanish                  Business                Spanish                  Business                  Spanish                   Business
12           German                  Shorthand             ______                  Lit                           French                    Shorthand
2             German                  Engineering           ______                  German                   Economics               Radio
2:50         Lit.                        Spanish                 ______                  Spanish                   Engineering              History
[July 1944] Sex lecture – next time you kiss someone remember your kissing one end of a thirty foot tube half full of shit. Map in dispensary. Yoorn to mark battle line. Eich gets 2 parcels. 600 Camels & clothing. Rumor has us going to J.B in St. Louis or to Camp Perry. Sgt. McConnaughhay[McConnaughhay, W. L, SSG] down 3 weeks ago. He flew over France on June 6. Tents with built in wooden refrigerators. Another mole [escape tunnel] project almost good. Henry[Heinrich "Henry the Butcher" Haslob] cut screens with laughing delight. Win 400 fags on Smithie's team against [room] 4. Total fags bet 40,000. Germs astounded at the crazy LuftGansters. Cigs parcel, Luckies mailed April 13 three cartons. D-Bars up to 85 points. Plenty of parcels in. Food one. Mainly consists of soup mix composed of cocoa, noodles, oatmeal, and Dr. Lyons toothpaste. Delicious. Razor blades, single blade, fits no razor in camp. Total wt.11 lbs in thin cardboard box not strong enough to cart powder puffs. ¼ box of meal left.
Vitamin Tablets Ascorbic Acid, L.H. Stewart Corp. Rochester, N.Y.
Column marching down street before Kommandant's office. Someone in Block 1 yells "Halt" in German. Much confusion, part of unit stops – part continues – part undecided. Sgt. incensed. Kommandant asks Block leader for apology. Refusal. Swimming privilege withdrawn. Col. has whole camp refuse to go swim. So There – New arrivals pass Cooler. Confinees put on horror show. "Water, water – Don't beat me." ["When we got to Stalag Luft 1 at Barth, it was dark, and all we could hear was moaning and screaming coming from the barracks. Apparently, the prisoners had a sick sense of humor. Its funny now, but must have been really rotten to those guys then." Robert E Pearce, rear gunner in Lancaster PB120 of 582 Squadron, Canadian Air Force shot down 23 Dec 1944 ]Campono goes Spam hunting in darkest Africa. Stories of dates when wind was passed. Guards walking outside fence to the tune of, "The Worms Crawl in". Rumors of G.I. Bill of rights. Kites and gliders. New blouses on some of Guards. Pat Rooney lectures on labor relations. Eich's sandy potatoes.
Soluble Coffee, The Borden Co., N.Y.N.Y., John L. Kellogg & Co. South Elgin, Ill.
Baker Import, Co. Minneapolis, Minn.
Powdered Milk, American Food Products Co. N.Y., S.M.A. Corps, Chicago, Ill.
Ration D., Rockwood & Co. Brooklyn, N.Y., Robert A. Johnson Co. Minneapolis
Orange Juice – Concentrate, Citrus Concentrates. Dunedin, Fla, USA
Vitamin Tablets, "C"- Beacon Laboratories, New Brunswick, N.J., L. H. Stewart Corp. Rochester, N.Y.
Red Cross Package [US] – ½ lb Velveeta Cheese, 12 oz. Treat, 8 oz. Domino Sugar, 8 oz. salmon, 4 oz. soluble coffee, 12 oz of corned beef, 2 bars soap, 6 oz Pate, 1lb. Oleo, 2 D-Bars, 7 oz. biscuits K-2, 5 packages Old Gold [cigarettes], 4 ½ fld. oz. concentrated orange juice, 1 lb. powdered milk [Klim], 1lb. prunes
Canadian – 1lb. real butter, ¼ lb. cheese, 1lb. jar canned sardines, salmon, spam, corned beef, 1lb. powdered milk, soap, ½ lb raisin and prunes. ½ lb sugar, soap, crackers, Bar 8oz chocolate.
The Camping Club of Great Britain and Ireland – 38 Grosvenor Gardens, S.W. 1. "The Incurable Filibuster" Adventures of Colonel Dean Ivan Lamb -- Farrar & Kinehart Inc. Pub. New York 1934 Assorted escapades of professional soldier in South America.
Cut cards with [room]9 for hair brush, then we six cut again. Lucky me. Eich makes ribbon holders for Woodside's watercolor medals. Neat looking. Wheelbarrow to old parade ground for black soil. Sand blows and covers rows as fast as they are made. Flying search of blocks 6 & 5. Germans hide for mass descent, "butcher boy" in lead. "Do we have enough bowls?" A worthwhile card game called Pelmanism or memory. Ricco starts numbers racket at 300 to one with O.K. Weekly paper as the oracle. Jack gets Mitchell to give him a short hair cut, afterwards Eich asks, "your head has a flat spot on the back, does it feel the same way from the inside? Chute[parachute] near periodic compass [in aircraft] sometimes makes 12 degree deflection.

Room six going into bed making business at 150 fags per. Straightening bare wire on telephone. Clothing issue G.I. blouse and extra trousers. Carroll and Woodies experiences on English train and young public school student. Nothing in his books about American Colonies. Muriel still working on his map of the invasion. [Almost every room in the compound had a map on one wall. In the first months we received air raid information and shipping reports. Then after D Day, we received data on the location of the front lines. As the allies would move across France and Germany, we would color map with a different color for each month. The German guards who entered the rooms during roll call or for some other reason, would study the maps and wonder how we got the information. They never did locate our radio. Course, there never was a radio. We got the information from a cooperating German Major. Sterling Tuck ]Ross got shot down on first mission so he's seen Berlin and never seen London. Play – "Orders is Orders". Colonel you know that its wrong and I know so too. But the people in Kansas City Don't. Chicago boys have formed club for Fini La Guerre. Neat sharp looking plaque on paper. "It really did jar me". Mitchell and light car racing. Filing the inside springs of a car to aid in staying on the tracks. Painting room with water paint. Ceiling white with walls a light yellow. When yellow was first put on it was a repulsive mustard but in drying became a pleasant light yellow bordering on cream. Movie at 4:30 Judy Garland in Lily Mars. Seated in row F seat 13. Day before I stood at rear to see Richard Garland in "Iron Road". Plenty sweaty, Turkish bath with your morning entertainment.

Red does it again – white fatigues but no luck. Cheese tins make good spread eagles. Build a fighter for myself of cardboard and Barbed wire. Muriel looses on drawing for hall & latrine painters. Musical show "Hit the bottle".[John Lashley was was rather famous in the South Compound since he organized a vocal choir and was a principal in a stage play that the Kriegies put on. – Robert A. "Bob" Dickson] Blue trim for our room, also ventilators. Nine bells roll call on west sports field. Songfest Out till 12. Hi He Hi Ho as we march out. Cans of veg & meat issued. Several extra roll calls. "Enemy up instead of Goon". Westlake escorted by Henry[Heinrich Haslob – "Henry the Butcher]to [Maj Von] Miller. Pantograph. Pillow cases for screens. You've had it. Goon, jerry, Wog's nest. X-Y-Z. Russki come. Round the bend. Flak happy. Wheel Lube.
Muriel. The general used to ask us over to his table – to wait on him. Jack's roaches gather in a group on the cement near the trash box. Muriel – a lad found himself a distance from home so he stopped the first single man and told him, "I've got a sister who really does it, if you'll drive me home I'll introduce you to her. He got the ride home and then introduces the man to his sister and upon finishing that also presents his brother-in-law. Chess tournament each player pays 2 cigs winner takes all. British Holiday Kings Birthday. Parade, horse races, Joce Ball, hoops, dice, darts. Room is card happy Pinochle and Lucre. Showers and cool breezes every day. "Red Star" by Cay Frier. Wall read daily news. Shawneshy issues more equipment. Shoe polish, shaving cream.

Confinement shows what is fundamentally basic in man's thoughts and drives. Sex has a much lower value than Freud would believe. Food is the chief desire and receives the most thought. June 6 either Eich or I collect D-Bars from rest. News got around Dish pan parade. Packages finally arrive so we eat for a change. One fellow, Jensen, got tooth picks in his personal parcel. More lettuce planting. Roach sneaks in under door with cheering gen. 1 Red cross parcel per 2 weeks. We starve the last 4 days. Muriel says "remember the game your girl friend played "Button, button, here come my folks. Chromatic for Eich and I get double row from him for 1 ½ D-Bars. Barley expects armistice June 24. Black dog bites guard. Dogs continue to trample gardens. [All the dogs that I saw were German Shepherds. After we were confined to our barracks for the night, the dogs were allowed to run free in the camp. We had an officer who lived in our barracks but not in our room. He was a very attractive man. Stood over six feet tall, blonde and well built. Also very affected. He wasn't very well liked by the men in our room but would occasionally come in to talk. I don't think he was well liked in his room either. One evening he was in our room sitting on the window ledge telling us how great he was. I don't know what prompted him to get up and leave the window. He was very lucky because a dog had seen him and attacked at the very moment the guy moved. We all saw the teeth and heard the snap, but the dog missed. We laughed ourselves silly and Pretty boy did not come into our room after that. In the summer, the guard at the gate would be accompanied by a dog. We, while we were standing in roll call formation and being crazy Americans, would taunt the dog. Of course the dog would bark and growl and pull at the leash. One day the dog broke away from the guard and came charging toward us. We all faced the dog with intentions of tearing it pieces. Evidently the dog sensed the situation because he slid to a stop, put his tail between his legs and slunk back to the guard. Then we felt sorry for the dog which got a severe beating from the guard. Sterling Tuck]

[Lee McDuff - (April 2008) "All of the Russian prisoners were housed in one barracks. The Germans forced them to do the worst jobs in the camp, cleaning out the latrines by hand. The Germans enforced a rule that all barracks windows must be closed during darkness. During the night very large and vicious attack dogs were released in the compound. One night a guard discovered an open window in the Russian Barracks. He released his dog and commanded him to enter the open window. Immediately, All hell broke loose within the barracks. The guard waited and waited for his dog to return. After some time the guard called for his dog. Within moments, the skin of the dog was tossed out of the barracks and the window was closed. It was learned the next day that the Russians had skinned and eaten the dog . Those Russians were really tough".

[3 May 1944] Raisin brew again affects whole room and what a volley ball game. Von M. [Von Miller] wants to lock us out for night, Col. Malmstrom[Col. Einar Axel Malmstrom, South Compound Commander, April 1944 – May 1945] wins through. He'll use up his luck some day and get run over by a kiddy car. Truck & trailer chug, chug in with beaucoup packages. Cheers as we think its food, but turns out to be toilet paper. Ax shows me his garden and also gives me a young radish.

If you won't trade cigarettes for candy how about diamonds. Keeps sports store closed Sun. Morn. Pat

XYZ is the 1989 self-titled debut album released by the mid-1980s American glam metal band XYZ. There were two hits off the album; "Inside Out" and "What Keeps Me Loving You". The album was a moderate success, charting at No. 99 on the Billboard 200. There were two music videos made for the songs "Inside Out" and "What Keeps Me Loving You" which both aired on MTV between 1989 and 1990.

Track listing[edit]

All songs are written by Terry Ilous, Marc Richard Diglio, Patrick Fontaine except noted.

  1. "Maggy" - 4:40
  2. "Inside Out" - 4:10
  3. "What Keeps Me Loving You" - 4:42
  4. "Take What You Can" - 4:28
  5. "Follow the Night" - 3:25
  6. "Come On n' Love Me" - 3:49
  7. "Souvenirs" (Terry Ilous, Patrick Fontaine) - 3:56
  8. "Tied Up" - 4:14
  9. "Nice Day to Die" - 5:06
  10. "After the Rain" - 2:50
  11. "On the Blue Side of the Night" [2001 Reissue bonus track] - 3:28

Bonus track is excerpted from "Inside Out / Take What You Can" single 12" (March 1990)


  • Marc Richard Diglio – guitar, backing vocals
  • Patrick Fontaine – bass, backing vocals
  • Terry Ilous – vocals
  • Paul Monroe – drums, snare drums, backing vocals


  • Eddie Ashworth – engineer
  • Wyn Davis – engineer
  • Eddie DeLena – engineer, mixing
  • Pat Dillon – art direction
  • Don Dokken – producer
  • Faun Clothing – wardrobe
  • John Goodenough – engineer
  • Dennis Keeley – photo enhancement
  • Jeannine Pinkerton – typography
  • Eddy Schreyer – mastering
  • Melissa Sewell – engineer
  • Neil Zlozower – photography


External links[edit]

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