Les Miserables Essay Prompts

1. How did Bishop Bienvenu's visit to the dying revolutionary G—change him? What about this man surprised the Bishop and why? How are the Revolutionary ideals espoused by G— similar to or different from the pure Christian ideals of the Bishop?

2. Why did Jean Valjean steal the Bishop's silver? How was this act influenced by his experience in prison? Discuss the process of change that occurred in Valjean after the Bishop "bought back his soul from Satan" with the silver. Would this bargain have been successful with every person? Why was Valjean subject to such transformation?

3. Discuss what you know about the French Revolution and its cultural echoes in France. Could this story of Valjean's redemption be told in another historical context? In what ways is this story dependent on and independent of its setting?

4. How would you characterize Hugo's political and nationalist stance based on his description of the Battle of Waterloo and his account of other political events? Can his loyalties—Monarchist, Bonapartist, nationalist, humanist, etc.—be discerned and defined?

5. Marius's friends die in the July Revolution. What values were they defending? What do you think Hugo values in these heroic characters and how does his description of them show this?

6. Hugo inserts a rather scathing aside about the nature of Fame in Part I, chapter one: "Prosperity presupposes ability." Jean Valjean is an example of a man who is exceptional in many significant ways, who positively and profoundly affects the lives of people around him, and who lives and dies in absolute obscurity. This portrait is drawn by a man who was inarguably the most famous man in France, literally "a legend in his own time." How can fame adversely influence one's ability to do good in the world? How does Valjean safely covet his obscurity, and how does this obscurity contribute to the good deeds Valjean habitually performs?

7. Cosette was never more fortunate than when she left the home of the socially "respectable" Thénardiers to be raised by a feared ex-convict. How is this an indictment of Hugo's society's criteria for respectability? What are the Thénardiers symbolic or symptomatic of?

8. One of the most psychologically complex characters is Javert, who— though he plays the role of a villain—acts not out of malice but out of a sense of duty to what he truly believes is ethically correct. How would you define Javert's value system? There is a weak link in Javert's chain of rationalizations for his behavior and his life. Identify it and explain how it leads to Javert's suicide. At which points in the book does Hugo show Javert to advantage? At which points does Javert appear to be more a classic villain?

9. Hugo clearly adores Paris. How is the street urchin Gavroche symbolic of the city in which he runs rampant? If he is truly a "son of Paris," which attributes did he inherit from his "mother"? Compare Hugo's descriptions of Paris to his descriptions of the French countryside and smaller cities. How do Parisians differ from denizens of the rest of France? Are these differences slight or serious?

10. Compare the musical Les Misérables to the book. What is left out, emphasized, or added? How does the change of medium effect the pace and tone of the story? To what do you attribute the long-running success of the musical?  

Les Misérables
by Victor Hugo

  • Publication Date: November 1, 2003
  • Genres:Classics, Fiction
  • Paperback: 896 pages
  • Publisher: Barnes & Noble Classics
  • ISBN-10: 1593080662
  • ISBN-13: 9781593080662

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Hand-Picked List Of Great Essay Topics About Les Miserables

Paris, the city of romance as it is often described and France, famous for its romance and history sets the stage for this tale some seventeen years before the June rebellion in Paris. Considered to be one of the greatest novels of the 19th century, Les Miserables is known by many names and tells a tale of Ex Convict Jean Valjean, his experiences during his redemption, as well as events involving many other important characters. When writing an essay of any type, one needs to consider two very important factors that can greatly influence your performance as a writer during this venture. You should try you best to select a topic that you are interested in to help you better dedicate yourself to the exercise. The following is a list o great essay topics about Les Miserables that you might find interesting:

  1. How is Fantine’s suffering reflected in her physical appearance?
  2. What parallels can be drawn between Fantine’s love story with Tholomyes and that of Romeo and Juliet?
  3. What part does education (or the lack of it) play in the ability of a person in Hugo’s Montreuil to achieve upward social mobility?
  4. How does Myriel’s life influence Jean Valjean’s decision making processes?
  5. What role does the church play in alleviating the extreme poverty that exists throughout the city?
  6. How has the absence of his father affected Marius’ opinion of his grandparents and their life path?
  7. What alternatives to suicide were available to Inspector Javert?
  8. How is Cosette’s adulthood marred by the difficulties her mother experienced when she was a child?
  9. How can the message of ‘Les Miserables’ be applied to the power dynamic that occurs between wealthy and poor nations in modern times?
  10. Are the characters that Hugo created in this novel too extreme to be realistic or plausible?
  11. What aspects of Gavroche’s character lead him to stand out not just in the novel but throughout French literature of the time?
  12. How was Jean Valjean’s nature corrupted by his prison sentence being extended repeatedly?
  13. Generally considered to be a dark commentary on society, what aspects of the novel, if any, stand out to you as optimistic?
  14. How does joining ‘The Friends of the ABC” affect Marius?
  15. Is Thenardier too evil or merely representative of what can exist?

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