Roberts Essays In Swedish History

The English Historical Review

Description: Tables of contents for recent issues of The English Historical Review are available at Authorized users may be able to access the full text articles at this site.

First published in 1886, The English Historical Review is the oldest journal of historical scholarship in the English-speaking world. It deals not only with British history, but with almost all aspects of European and world history since the classical era. It covers the history of the Americas, including the foreign policy of the USA and her role in the wider world (but excluding the domestic history of the USA since Independence). With contributions from around the world, the EHR includes major articles, notes and documentations, and debates on medieval and modern themes, and an unrivalled range and quantity of reviews of books published worldwide, along with a summary of international literature, published in the September issue each year.

The English Historical Review appears in February, April, June, September, and November each year, and with 288 pages in each issue, subscribers receive well over 1400 pages a year of the best in modern historical scholarship, of which some 800 pages or more are devoted to books.

Coverage: 1886-2012 (Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 127, No. 529)

Moving Wall: 5 years (What is the moving wall?)

The "moving wall" represents the time period between the last issue available in JSTOR and the most recently published issue of a journal. Moving walls are generally represented in years. In rare instances, a publisher has elected to have a "zero" moving wall, so their current issues are available in JSTOR shortly after publication.
Note: In calculating the moving wall, the current year is not counted.
For example, if the current year is 2008 and a journal has a 5 year moving wall, articles from the year 2002 are available.

Terms Related to the Moving Wall
Fixed walls: Journals with no new volumes being added to the archive.
Absorbed: Journals that are combined with another title.
Complete: Journals that are no longer published or that have been combined with another title.

ISSN: 00138266

EISSN: 14774534

Subjects: History, British Studies, History, Area Studies

Collections: Arts & Sciences II Collection, JSTOR Essential Collection

For other people named Michael Roberts, see Michael Roberts (disambiguation).

Michael Roberts (1908–1996) was an English historian specializing in the early modern period. He was particularly known for his studies of Swedish history, and his introduction of the concept of a Military Revolution in early modern Europe.[1]


Roberts was born in Lytham St Annes, Lancashire and educated at Brighton College, and Worcester College, Oxford. He taught at Rhodes University College in Grahamstown, South Africa from 1935, served in the army in East Africa during World War II, and headed the British Council in Stockholm 1944–46.[2] From 1954 until his retirement in 1973, he was professor of modern history at the Queen's University of Belfast. He also held guest professorships in U.S. universities. He was a member of the British Academy and the Royal Irish Academy.

Roberts is chiefly known as the originator of the theory of a "Revolution in Military Affairs" or RMA, which he first presented in a paper entitled "The Military Revolution: 1560-1660" in a lecture at the Queen's university of Belfast in 1955. This theory holds that certain changes in military tactics and technology led to a revolutionary new method of waging war that made combat more decisive.

Although originally working in the area of British history, Roberts soon gained an interest in the history of Sweden and learnt Swedish prior to 1940. He made his most significant contributions on the period from the late 16th to the early 18th century when Sweden was a major player on the European political and military scene, but published several studies on later periods in both Swedish and British history. Some of his works on Swedish history are used as textbooks in Swedish universities and several have also been translated into Swedish. In addition, he proposed the concept of a 'military revolution' in the early modern Europe - an idea that, with modification, is still used by historians.

Roberts also wrote translations of the poet Birger Sjöberg and Sweden's bard Carl Michael Bellman into English,[2] which he published himself. These works are on file at the National Library of Sweden. In 2008 the Birger Sjöberg Society published Frida's New Clothes, a collection of the poet's lyrics in translation. Fourteen of the translations were by Roberts.

Michael Roberts had several Swedish honours bestowed upon him; among other things he received an honorary doctorate from Stockholm University, and was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities.


Jeremy Black, writing in History Today, comments that "Few subjects are identified so closely with one man as English-language scholarship on early-modern Sweden and Michael Roberts."[3]

Glansholms bookshop and antiquariat (in Sweden) comment that Roberts gives a fascinating picture of Sweden in the Age of Liberty in his book, and that "he is a good storyteller in his anglo-saxon tradition, succeeding in telling Swedish history with clarity and humour."[2]

Select bibliography[edit]

  • The Whig Party, 1807-1812 (1939).
  • Gustav Adolf the Great (translator) (1940).
  • Gustavus Adolphus, A History of Sweden 1611-1632 (two volumes, 1953–1958).
  • Sweden as a great power 1611-1697 (1968).
  • The early Vasas : a history of Sweden 1523-1611 (1968).
  • Gustavus Adolphus and the Rise of Sweden (1973).
  • Twelve pieces and an introduction from Fridas bok (translator) (1975).
  • Epistles and songs: Carl Michael Bellman (translator) (three volumes, 1977–1981).
  • The Swedish imperial experience, 1560-1718 (1979).
  • British Diplomacy and Swedish Politics, 1758-1773 (1980).
  • The Age of Liberty : Sweden 1719-1772 (1986).
  • From Oxenstierna to Charles XII : four studies (1991).


External links[edit]

One thought on “Roberts Essays In Swedish History

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *